Azerbaijani philosopher and poet whose innovative literary work spans the genres of satire, realism, and lyric poetry. He published numerous politically-themed works in a satirical magazine entitled Molla Nasraddin.
He studied at age twelve with the renowned poet Seyid Azim Shirvani.
He grew up in a large family in Shamakhy, Azerbaijan.
He and Sediq Afghan were both renowned Azerbaijani philosophers.
His writings were heavily influenced by the Russian Revolution of 1905.