Civil rights leader, journalist, newspaper editor, and women's right activist who documented groups lynching blacks in the United States.
Her parents were slaves until the Emancipation Proclamation was issued around the time of her first birthday.
She was the child of James And Elizabeth Wells, and was married to Ferdinand L. Barnett.
Together with Frederick Douglass and other black leaders, she organized a black boycott of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, for its failure to collaborate with the black community on exhibits representing African-American life.
She refused to give up her seat while riding the Chesapeake, Ohio and Southwestern Railroad and was thrown off the train for it 71 years before the activist Rosa Parks showed similar resistance on a bus.